- 30 August, 2022
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Over the websites and web applications, the malicious hackers pay more attention to making the attacks. Over the world, there are various organizations that are offering essential services through web applications; these services include banking, healthcare, and intelligence services. This makes it easy to breach or leak the data of the customer. Therefore, it becomes essential for businesses to test web applications for breaches and other related malicious activities.
When testing of the web apps is performed under the supervision of an experienced testing team, it is essential to have a web application penetration testing checklist for making the comparison. The team that is involved in the testing procedure creates a strict pen-testing checklist as a purpose to ensure that the total domain of web application security testing is exhaustively covered. Here in this article, we will explain penetration testing and the ultimate checklist for efficient web application penetration testing.
What do you mean by Penetration Testing?
Penetration testing is performed by skilled professionals who evaluate the software for security flaws. These skilled people are also known as penetration testers or ethical hackers. Several IT help desk support teams facilitate this service to many organizations.
This process consists of finding, assessing, and reporting the vulnerabilities that exist in the web application, including buffer overflow, input validation, code execution, bypass authentication, SQL injection, cross-site scripting, and cross-site request forgery. This test has a motive to improvise the flaws of the software so that the hackers cannot exploit them easily. It is a preventive control, providing an overall view of the system’s overall security.
Checklist for Web Application Penetration Testing
- Information Gathering
Businesses must not conduct penetration tests blindly. One of the most prime and crucial steps that need to be considered safe is to acquire as much information as possible about your web app’s potential threats, vulnerabilities, hazards, and many more.
This step is accomplished by generating a sitemap by the utilization of crawling tools, manually opening pages, employing brute force to reach unlinked folders, getting information from developers, etc. Furthermore, it also ensures that comments and metadata, third-party applications/services, metafiles, and access points are included while gathering intelligence on the various components of a web application/target function.
- Vulnerability Assessments
Web applications consist of multiple components and vulnerabilities; all the components do not require testing. However, it is possible to scan some known vulnerabilities, for example, SQL injections, XSS, file inclusions, and other OWASP top 10 vulnerabilities using automated tools like web vulnerability scanners. Getting assistance from trusted testing service providers permits you to personalize scanners and fine-tune policies that are generally based upon the requirement of the specifics.
As per the assistance given by then security analytics, one can comprehend traffic behavior, the nature of attack attempts, attack trends, and more. One can then validate the results of the scan that was performed by the IT helpdesk team in order to determine what is exploitable and the associated dangers. So, to identify gaps in business logic, user/web browser-specific problems, undisclosed vulnerabilities, and other misconfigurations that are not revealed by vulnerability scanning, you must utilize penetration tests.
- Develop a Solid Security Strategy & Plan for Penetration Testing
The planning of the solid security must be done with the help of testing service providers. On the basis of the obtained information/intelligence and site map, one can define the scope, objectives, and expected outcomes/deliverables of penetration testing. One can also prioritize the problematic areas and high-risk components over others. In addition to this, parts of the application where users can include, delete, or edit material (comment section, contact forms, etc.), third-party services hosted, entrance points, etc., should be given utmost importance.
Several users must also be tested; these users include an external source with minimum or no privileges and a user with all privileges and authorizations.
- The checker must specify the techniques and tools that can test the web application. In most cases, organizations opt for outside security services to perform penetration testing. It ensures that it is only entrusted to trustworthy and certified security specialists who combine intelligence, technical abilities, and innovative techniques to maintain the highest levels of web application security. One should reach out to a trusted testing organization offering excellent security solutions.